Knee Pain – Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention - Team Extreme Pro

Knee Pain – Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

If you’re older than 40, chances are you’ve already experienced knee pain. The problem may occur in one or both knees and manifests with intense pain, sensitivity, and swelling. The causes can be different and the treatment depends on them directly. Additionally, each person’s experience can be different.

 

Causes of Chronic Knee Pain

The painful problem can be triggered by a variety of causes. Knee problems generally affect older people, but can also develop from a young age. Apart from injuries and other physical conditions, knee pain can be triggered by:

  • Tendonitis
  • Bursitis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout
  • Chondromalacia patella
  • Meniscus tear
  • Dislocation
  • Torn ligaments
  • Knee tumors

Sprains and strains, improper warm up before exercise, bad posture, and infections can also lead to knee pain.

 

Who’s at Risk?

As we already said, older people are at an increased risk of knee pain. Obese people are also at risk. The excess weight can put too much pressure on the knees, resulting in pain. Previous injuries and overuse can also lead to different knee problems.

 

Symptoms of Knee Pain

In general, any kind of problem in the knees manifests through pain which can be mild or severe. Constant aches and sharp pain when using the knee are common, while some people also experience redness and swelling.

 

To diagnose the problem, doctors use different diagnostic tests. You may need to undergo blood work, X-ray tests or a CT scan. Some cases require an MRI or physical examination. This is directly related to the cause of your knee pain.

 

Treatment

Physical therapy, lifestyle changes, injections or surgery in the most severe cases are recommended as treatment for knee pain. If the cause is bursitis, or inflammation due to overuse of the joint, ice therapy every couple of hours can reduce the pain. Just put a few ice cubes in a towel and apply slight pressure on the knee.

 

If the cause is obesity, you’ll need to lose weight and make some lifestyle changes. Wearing flat and cushioned shoes may also help. In case of any knee problem, you should avoid sleeping on that side of the body and put a pillow between your knees to reduce the pain.

 

The outlook is generally good, although conditions such as osteoarthritis usually cause permanent damage. The pain can be controlled with drugs and therapy, but you will experience frequent flare-ups. Managing the pain is the only way to go in this case.

 

Prevention

The good news is that knee pain can be prevented. In fact, all types of knee problems are treatable. It all depends on the cause. If it’s a chronic inflammatory condition, you can expect long-term pain management. In all other cases, you can reduce the pain and do lifestyle changes in order to prevent it.

 

If you’re physically active, warming up before exercise is key for prevention of injuries. Losing weight is also a good idea as it won’t put unnecessary pressure on your knees. Wearing appropriate footwear is also recommended. In this way, you should eliminate the risk of knee pain. Proper support such as shoe insert should prevent the condition and help you walk easier.

 

When dealing with knee pain, make sure not to strain yourself too much. Do light exercises in order to prevent it and change your shoes often to prevent improper support and posture.

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